Welland Canal

Welland Canal
   Projected as a result of the War of 1812. A commission was appointed in 1816 to report on a canal between Lakes Erie and Ontario. The matter dragged along for several years, until at last, through the energy and enthusiasm of William Hamilton Merritt, a company was incorporated, and work actually commenced, in 1824. Five years later, the first vessels passed through from Ontario to Erie. In 1841 work was commenced on the enlargement of the canal, and completed in 1850. Between 1873 and 1883, the canal was deepened to 12 feet; and in 1887 to 14 feet. In the meantime, the work had been taken over by the government, and become part of the system of Dominion canals.
   Index: Mc Mackenzie's committee to inquire into, 264; Mackenzie a director of, 265; Francis Hincks on, 265; transactions of officials, 266, 267; report of committee, 268. BL Bought by government from private company, 1841, 98; completion of improvements, 337. See also Canals.
   Bib.: Kingsford, Early Canals; Merritt, Biography of W. H. Merritt; Matheson, Welland Canal (Women's Can. Hist. Soc. Trans., vol. 2).

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  • Welland Canal — /wɛlənd kəˈnæl/ (say weluhnd kuh nal) noun a ship canal in southern Canada, in Ontario, connecting lakes Erie and Ontario; 8 locks raise or lower ships 99 m. 40 km long …   Australian English dictionary

  • Welland Canal — waterway betw. Lakes Erie and Ontario …   Webster's Gazetteer

  • Welland Canal — …   Useful english dictionary

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